Bengali Alphabet (স্বরবর্ণ)


The Bengali alphabet is derived from the Brahmi alphabet. It is also closely related to the Devanagari
alphabet, from which it started to diverge in the 11th Century AD. The current printed form of Bengali
alphabet first appeared in 1778 when Charles Wilkins developed printing in Bengali. A few archaic
letters were modernised during the 19th century. Bengali has two literary styles: one is called
Sadhubhasa (elegant language) and the other Chaltibhasa (current language). The former is the
traditional literary style based on Middle Bengali of the sixteenth century, while the later is a 20th
century creation and is based on the speech of educated people in Calcutta. The differences between the
two styles are not huge and involve mainly forms of pronouns and verb conjugations. Some people prefer
to call this alphabet the Eastern Nagari script or Eastern Neo-Brahmic script. It Having the 11 Vowels

a | अ আঙ্গুল | angul
Meaning: Finger, उंगली
আগুগাদী | aagugadi
Meaning: Snake, साँप
অশ্ব | ashru
Meaning: Horse, घोड़ा
aa | আম | am
Meaning: Mango, आम
আপ্প্লে | aapple
Meaning: Apple, सेब
আকাশ | aakasa
Meaning: Sky, आकाश
i | इ ইত | it
Meaning: Brick, ईंट
ইঁদুর | ili
Meaning: Rat, चूहा
ইতিহাস | itihasa
Meaning: History, इतिहास
ii | ঈগাল | eegal
Meaning: Eagle, बाज
ঈদ | id
Meaning: Id, थोय्हर
u | उ উট | ut
Meaning: Camel, ऊंट
উওল | wol
Meaning: Wool, ऊन
উপহার | upahaar
Meaning: Gift, उपहार
uu | ऊ ঊল্লক | ullk
Meaning: Monkey, बंदर
ঊষা | ushaa
Meaning: Sunrise, सूर्योदय
r | ॠ ঋষি | rishi
Meaning: Saint, ऋषि
ঋতু | rithu
Meaning: Season, मौसम
e | ए এক | ek
Meaning: One, एक
একত্র | ektra
Meaning: Ektara, एकतार
একতা | ekata
Meaning: Unity, एकता
oi | ऐ ঐরাবত | oirabat
Meaning: Elephant, हाथी
o | ओ ওজন | ojon
Meaning: Weight, वज़न
ওল | oll
Meaning: Suran, सुरन
ou | ঔষধ | oushadi
Meaning: Medicine, औषध

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